Essential Oil Profile: Petitgrain Bigarade

Petitgrain Bigarade

Latin Name: Citrus aurantium

Family: Rutaceae

Plant Part: Leaves, twigs branches

Method: Distallation

Note:/Element: Note: Top/Middle Element: Metal

Functional Group: Alcohol, Ester, Terpene, Aldehyde

Type: Relaxing , balancing

Ayurvedic Dosha: Vatta, Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Fresh, Citrusy, herbaceous, tart, sweet, slightly floral.

For Skin Type:  Oily, acne

Cautions: None, Petitgrain oil is not phototoxic.

Physical Uses: Colds, coughs, menstrual and stomach cramps, stretch marks, scars, papitations, perspiration, muscle and joint pain, headaches and migraines, mature skin.

Mental/Emotional: Stress, depression, anxiety, anger, panic

Other Uses: Men colognes and aftershaves.

Blends Well With: Flower, Fruit, Leaf, Resin, Root, Seed, Spice, Wood

Photo by AromaAngie


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master  Level, 2001-2012.


Essential Oil Profile: Peppermint


Latin Name: Mentha piperita spearmint  Mentha spicata , bergamot mint Mentha citrata

Family: Lamiaceae

Plant Part: Flowering Plant  

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top Element: Wood, Metal.

Functional Groups: Alcohol, ester, ketone, oxide, sesquiterpene, terpene

Type: stimulating, cooling, refreshing

Ayurvedic Dosha: Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Minty, Herbaceous

For Skin Type: Oily, Acne

Cautions: Not during pregnancy, Not with yung children, heart conditions, homeopathy, high blood pressure. May be sensitizing.

Physical Uses: Colds, flu, cough, mucus, fever, muscle & joint pain, headache, stomach cramps, fas, nausea, motion sickness, scne, tired feet, hot flashes

Mental/Emotional Uses: Mental clarity, cools a hot temperment, lethargy, refreshing, depression

Other Uses: Insect repellent, breath freshener(rinse w/ 1 drop in a glass of water), cools a room via diffusion

Blends Well With: Leaf, Needle

Photo by AromaAngie


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 1999-2010.

Essential Profile: Pepper Black

Pepper Black

Latin Name: Piper nigrum

Family: Piperaceae

Plant Part: Fruit

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top/Middle Element: Fire

Functional Groups: Terpene, sesquiterpene, alcohol, phenol, ketone, aldehyde

Type: Stimulating

Ayurvedic Dosha: Kapha

Scent: Spicy, fresh, sharp, penetrating

For Skin Type: None

Cautions: Irritating

Physical Uses: Circulation, chills, digestion, nausea, colds, flu, sore muscles & joints, cold feet, warming.

Mental/Emotional: Mental clarity, stamina, apathy, comforting, emotional coldness, helps with anxiety while quitting smoking. 

Other Uses: Add to aphrodisiac blends for spice, preservative, insect repellent.

Blends Well With: Flowers, spices, citrus, roots, seeds, woods


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

Photo by AromaAngie

Essential Oil Profile: Palmarosa


Latin Name: Cymbopogon martinii

Family: Poaceae

Plant Part: Plant

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note:top/Middle Element: Fire.

Functional Group: Alcohol, ester

Type: Relaxing, balancing, refreshing, comforting

Ayurvedic Dosha: Vata, Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Floral, sweet, soft, rose-like

For Skin Type: Oily, normal, dry, mature

Cautions: None

Physical Uses: Colds, flu, cough, scars, rash, athlete’s foot, nail fungus, vaginitis, cystitis, urinary tract infections, acne, muscle aches, insect bites and stings, boils,

Mental/Emotional Uses: Depression, balancing, fatigue, exhauastion, nervousness, anxiety, stress

Other Uses: 

Blends Well With: Grasses, flowers, citrus


Graf, Katherine:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

 Lawless, Julia, The Complete Illustrated Guide To Aromatherapy, Boston,MA, Element Books Limited, 1997, p 190.

Essential Oil: Nutmeg


Latin Name: Myristica fragrans

Family: Myristicaceae

Plant Part: Seed

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top/Middle.  Element: Earth.

Functional Groups: Terpene, Alcohol, Phenol, Ether

Type: Stimulating, warming

Ayurvedic Dosha: Kapha

Scent: Spicy, intoxicating, warm, sweet, hot

For Skin Type: None

Caution: Not during pregnancy.  Irritating.  Toxic

Physical Uses: Nausea, indigestion, diarrhea, circulation, cold feet, muscle & joint pain, amenorrhea, scanty menstrual flow, menstrual cramps, digestion,fatique, rheumatism.

Mental/Emotional Uses: Exhauastion, apathy, loss of sexual drive

Other Uses: Intensifies dreams, holiday scent for diffusion, men’s colognes & aftershave, aphrodisiac.

Blends Well With: Flowers, Fruit, Resin, Root, Seed, Spice, Wood

Possible Substitutions: Clove bud, ginger


Graf, Katherine:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master Level, 2001-2012.

Schnaubelt, Kurt, Advanced Aromatherapy: The Science of Essential Oil Therapy, Healing Arts Press, Rochester, Vermont, 1998, p 49.



Essential Oil Profile: Niaouli (MVQ)


Latin Name: Melaleuca quinquenervia viridiflora

Family: Myrtaceae

Plant Part: Leaves, twigs

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top/Middle. Element: Metal

Functional Group: Terpene, sesquiterpene, alcohol, oxide

Type: Stimulating

Ayurvedic Dosha (Balances): Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Musty, medicinal, sweet, fresh, earthy

For Skin Type: Oily, acne, dull

Cautions: Not during pregnancy, Not with estrogen dependent cancers. Use caution with young children.

Physical Uses: Immune system, colds, flu, cough, cold sores, sore muscles & joints, burns, cuts, insect bites, vaginitis, systitis, hormonal, boils, high blood pressure, urinary infections, rheumatism, asthma, catarrh, poor circulation, mouth wash, rheumatism.

Mental/Emotional: Revitalizing

Other Uses: Radiation burns (protects before and heals after)

Blends Well With: Citrus, Melaleuca genus such as tea tree

Possible Substitutions: Tea tree, Manuka, Rosalina, Cajeput.

News You Can Use: To protect against air-borne infections, make a room spray by mixing 300 ml (1/2 pint) warm water with 5 ml (1 tsp) niaouli in a spray bottle. This is particularly effective sprayed in public places like waiting rooms.


Graf, Katherine:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

Essential Oil Profile: Neroli, Orange Blossom


Latin Name: Citrus aurantium

Common Name: Neroli, Orange Blossom, Orange Flowers, Neroli Bigarde

Family: Rutaceae

Plant Part: Flower

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top/Middle. Element:Fire.

Functional Groups: Alcohol, aldehyde, ester, ketone, sesquiterpene, terpene

Type: Relaxing

Ayurvedic Dosha (Balances): Vata, Pitta

Scent: Floral, citrusy, rich, fruity, silky, strong masculine, earthy.

For Skin Type: Normal, dry, sensitive, mature

Cautions: Phototoxic

Physical Uses: High blood pressure, heart palpitations, flatulence, menstrual and stomach cramps, circulation, scars, stretch marks, insomnia.

Mental/Emotional Uses: Depression, stress, tension, anxiety, PMS, soothing, calms nervousness, boost confidence.

Other Uses: Perfumery

Blends Well With: Flower, Peel, Resin, Root, Wood

Possible Substitutions: Petigrain

News You Can Use: Used as a perfume oil and especially in Eau-de-Cologne. In 1680, an Italian princess named Nerole. perfumed her gloves, stationery and clothes with orange blossoms. The scent was known as Nerole’s scent or Neroli.


Graf, Katherine:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Foundation Level, 1999-2010.

Schnaubelt, Kurt, Advanced Aromatherapy: The Science of Essential Oil Therapy, Healing Arts Press, Rochester, Vermont, 1998, p 61.

Essential Oil Profile: Mugwort

Latin Name: Artemisia vulgaris  (Endangered or Declining in some areas)

Family: Asteraceae (Compositae, Daisy)

Plant Part: Flowering plant

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: top/Middle Element: Wood

Functional Groups: Ketone, Oxide, Terpene, Ester, Alcohol

Type: Stimulating

Ayurvedic Dosha: Kapha

Scent: Herbaceous, minty, penetrating

For Skin Type: None

Cautions: Not during pregnancy, Not for children, Strong emmenagogue, Toxic. Neurotoxic

Physical Uses: Menstrual cramps, amenorrhea, scanty menstruation, PMS, Anthelmintic, antispasmodic, choleretic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, nervine, stimulant, tonic, vermifuge. Used for skin parasites. Used to calm, help one to dream.

Mental/Emotional Uses: Use with care because of high ketone content. *

Other Uses: Ritual, intuition, dream pillows, to enhance dreams.

Blends Well With: Flower, Flowering plant, Fruit, Leaf

Possible Substitutions: Basil Holy (Tulsi), Basil Tropical


Schnaubelt, Kurt, Advanced Aromatherapy: The Science of Essential Oil Therapy, Healing Arts Press, Rochester, Vermont, 1998, pp 43,44,50.

Graf, Katherine:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master Level, 2001-2012.



General: We recommend that you consult with a qualified healthcare practitioner before using herbal products, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing, or on any medications.

For educational purposes only. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.


Essential Oil Profile: Mimosa Absolute

Mimosa Absolute

Latin Name: Acacia dealbata,mirenisi

Family: Mimosaceae

Plant Part: Blossoms

Method: Absolute

Note/Element: Middle/Base

Functional Group: Aldehyde

Type: Euphoric, calming

Ayurvedic Dosha(Balancing): Pitta

Scent: Floral, sweet, green

For Skin Type: Sensitive, oily

Cautions: Not during pregnancy, may be sensitizing

Physical Uses: PMS, menarche (the first occurrence of menstruation)

Mental/Emotional Uses: Overly sensitive individuals especially women, teens, and children, weepy, nervousness, anxiety, depression, worrying, soothing

Other Uses: High-end perfumery

Blends Well With: Flower, Fruit.

Possible Substitutions: Rose absolute, Rose otto, Melissa


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master Level, 2001-2012.

Essential Oil Profile: Melissa


Latin Name: Melissa officinalis

Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)

Plant Part: Flowering Plant

Method: Distillation

Note/Element:  Note:Top/Middle. Element: Fire, Wood.

Functional Groups: Aldehyde, Terpene, Sesquiterpene, Alcohol, Ester, Oxide

Type: Relaxing, balancing

Ayurvedic Dosha: Vata, Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Lemony, subtle, herbacous

For Skin Type: Oily, acne

Cautions: Not during pregnancy

Physical Uses: Cold sores, herpes, coughs, colds, menstrual and stomach cramps, anger, indigestion, PMS, headache, high blood pressure, nausea, palpitations.

Mental/Emotional Uses: Anxiety, depression, nervousness, stress, grief, heartbreak

Other Uses: Insect repellent. Related to heart chakra

Blends Well With: Flower, Fruit, Resin, Seed, Spice, Wood

Possible Substitutions: Lemongrass, Leptospermum

News You Can Use: If you want to draw bees to your garden, plant Melissa also known as lemon balm and bee balm.


Graf, Katherine:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master Level, 2001-2012.

Schnaubelt, Kurt, Advanced Aromatherapy: The Science of Essential Oil Therapy, Healing Arts Press, Rochester, Vermont, 1998, pp 27,41, 52, 107.