Essential Oil Profile: Pine Scots

Pine Scots

Latin Name: Pinus sylerstris

Family: Pinaceae

Plant Part: Needles

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top Element: Metal

Functional Groups:  Terpene, sisquiterpene, alcohol, ester

Aryuvedic Dosha: Kapha

Scent: Fresh, woody, earthy

For Skin Type: Oily

Cautions: Do not use oxidized oil. Use within 6 months, Not during Pregnancy. Not with estrogen dependent cancers.

Physical Uses: Colds, cough, flu, sinusitis, muscle and joint pain, immune system

Mental/Emotional Uses: Mental clarity, exhaustion, stress, refreshes the mind, strengthening.

Other Uses: Christmas, forest scent, purify the air.

Blends Well With: Needles, leaves, citrus


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.



Essential Oil Profile: Petitgrain Bigarade

Petitgrain Bigarade

Latin Name: Citrus aurantium

Family: Rutaceae

Plant Part: Leaves, twigs branches

Method: Distallation

Note:/Element: Note: Top/Middle Element: Metal

Functional Group: Alcohol, Ester, Terpene, Aldehyde

Type: Relaxing , balancing

Ayurvedic Dosha: Vatta, Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Fresh, Citrusy, herbaceous, tart, sweet, slightly floral.

For Skin Type:  Oily, acne

Cautions: None, Petitgrain oil is not phototoxic.

Physical Uses: Colds, coughs, menstrual and stomach cramps, stretch marks, scars, papitations, perspiration, muscle and joint pain, headaches and migraines, mature skin.

Mental/Emotional: Stress, depression, anxiety, anger, panic

Other Uses: Men colognes and aftershaves.

Blends Well With: Flower, Fruit, Leaf, Resin, Root, Seed, Spice, Wood

Photo by AromaAngie


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master  Level, 2001-2012.

Essential Oil Profile: Peppermint


Latin Name: Mentha piperita spearmint  Mentha spicata , bergamot mint Mentha citrata

Family: Lamiaceae

Plant Part: Flowering Plant  

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top Element: Wood, Metal.

Functional Groups: Alcohol, ester, ketone, oxide, sesquiterpene, terpene

Type: stimulating, cooling, refreshing

Ayurvedic Dosha: Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Minty, Herbaceous

For Skin Type: Oily, Acne

Cautions: Not during pregnancy, Not with yung children, heart conditions, homeopathy, high blood pressure. May be sensitizing.

Physical Uses: Colds, flu, cough, mucus, fever, muscle & joint pain, headache, stomach cramps, fas, nausea, motion sickness, scne, tired feet, hot flashes

Mental/Emotional Uses: Mental clarity, cools a hot temperment, lethargy, refreshing, depression

Other Uses: Insect repellent, breath freshener(rinse w/ 1 drop in a glass of water), cools a room via diffusion

Blends Well With: Leaf, Needle

Photo by AromaAngie


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 1999-2010.

Essential Profile: Pepper Black

Pepper Black

Latin Name: Piper nigrum

Family: Piperaceae

Plant Part: Fruit

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top/Middle Element: Fire

Functional Groups: Terpene, sesquiterpene, alcohol, phenol, ketone, aldehyde

Type: Stimulating

Ayurvedic Dosha: Kapha

Scent: Spicy, fresh, sharp, penetrating

For Skin Type: None

Cautions: Irritating

Physical Uses: Circulation, chills, digestion, nausea, colds, flu, sore muscles & joints, cold feet, warming.

Mental/Emotional: Mental clarity, stamina, apathy, comforting, emotional coldness, helps with anxiety while quitting smoking. 

Other Uses: Add to aphrodisiac blends for spice, preservative, insect repellent.

Blends Well With: Flowers, spices, citrus, roots, seeds, woods


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

Photo by AromaAngie

Essential Oil Profile: Patchouli


Latin Name: Pogostemon patchouli

Family: Lamiaceae

Plant Part: Plant, leaves

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Base Elelment: Earth

Functional Groups: Alcohol, aldehyde, sesquiterpene

Type: Euphoric

Scent: Earthy, Sweet, enduring, woody, hint of sweetness.

Ayurvedic Doshas: Vata, Pitta

For Skin Type: Dry, Mature

Cautions: None

Physical Uses: Itchy skin, dandruff, rash, fungus, cracked feet & hands, nail care, dry skin, athlete’s foot, insect bites, nausea, scars, natural deodorant, strengthens hair, .

Mental/Emotional Uses: Grounding, stress, tension, worry, connection to the earth, enhances mood.

Other Uses: Meditation, insect repellent, perfummery fixative, aphrodisiac

Blends Well With: Flowers, peel, resin, root, wood


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

Essential Oil Profile: Parsley


Latin Name: Petroselinum sativa

Family: Apiaceae

Plant Part: Plant

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Middle Element:  Wood

Functional Groups: Ether, Aldehyde, Terpene

Type: Stimulating

Ayurvedic Doshas: Kapha

Scent: Herbaccous, green

For Skin Type: Broken blood vessels

Cautions: Not during pregnancy or nursing. Not during heavy menstrual flow. Hepatotoxic.

Physical Uses: Stomach cramps, indigestion , flatulence, hemmorrhoids, bruises, sore muscles and joints, cellulite, insect bites, detoxification, amenorrhea, scanty menstrual flow, menstrual cramps due to scanty flow, strong emmenagogue, protection from infection .

Mental/ Emotional Uses: Fatigue

Other Uses: Head lice

Blends Well With: Flower, fruit, leaf


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master Level, 2001-2012.

Essential Oil Profile: Palmarosa


Latin Name: Cymbopogon martinii

Family: Poaceae

Plant Part: Plant

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note:top/Middle Element: Fire.

Functional Group: Alcohol, ester

Type: Relaxing, balancing, refreshing, comforting

Ayurvedic Dosha: Vata, Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Floral, sweet, soft, rose-like

For Skin Type: Oily, normal, dry, mature

Cautions: None

Physical Uses: Colds, flu, cough, scars, rash, athlete’s foot, nail fungus, vaginitis, cystitis, urinary tract infections, acne, muscle aches, insect bites and stings, boils,

Mental/Emotional Uses: Depression, balancing, fatigue, exhauastion, nervousness, anxiety, stress

Other Uses: 

Blends Well With: Grasses, flowers, citrus


Graf, Katherine:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

 Lawless, Julia, The Complete Illustrated Guide To Aromatherapy, Boston,MA, Element Books Limited, 1997, p 190.

Essential Oil Profile: Oregano


Latin Name: Origanum vulgare

Family: Lamiaceae

Plant Part: Plant

Method: Distillation

Note:/ Element: Note: Middle. Element: Metal, Fire.

Functional Groups: Phenol, Perpene, Sesquiterpene, Alcohol

Type: Stimulating, heating

Ayurvedic Dosha: Kapha 

Scent: Herbaceous, spicy, penetratins, camphoraceous

For Skin Type: None

Cautions: Not during Pregnancy

Physical Uses: Nail  fungus, athlete’s foot, strongly anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, Via diffusion for (colds, flu, coughs, bronchitis), ear infections, insect repellent.     

Mental/Emotional Uses: Strongly stimulating to the mind. Not recommended for emotional work.

Other Uses: Sickroom diffusion during the day or to purify a room.

Blends Well With: Flowering Plants, Fruit, Spice

Possible Substitutions: Thyme


Graf, Katherine:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master Level, 2001-2012.

Photo by AromaAngie from Fordville Gardens


Essential Oil Profile: Orange Sweet


Latin Name: Citrus sinensis or Citrus aurantium var. dulcis

Family: Rutaceae

Plant Part: Peel

Method: Expression

Note/Element: Note: Top  Element: Earth, Wood

Functional Groups: Alcohol, aldehyde, terpene

Type: Relaxing, Refreshing

Ayurvedic Dosha(Balances): Vata, Kapha

Scent: Citrus, sweet, light

For Skin Type: Oily

Cautions: Do not use oxidized oil. Use within 6 months. Do not use Orange Bitter before sunbathing.

Physical Uses: Colds, flu, digestion, water retention, cellulite, circulation, flatulence, treat spasms, mild aphrodisiac, prevents infection, tonic ( tones up every system in the body), boost immunity.

Mental/Emotional Uses: Depression, lethargy, negativism, stress, cheering, uplifting. may aid in improving cognitive functions.

Other Uses: Room sprays, cleaning solutions, sanitizing, children

Blends Well With: Almost anything

Possible Substitutions: Mandarin, Tangerine


Graf, Katherine:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master Level, 2001-2012.