Essential Oil Profile: Spikenard


Latin Name: Nardostachys jatamansi

Family: Valerianaceae

Plant Part: Root

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Base Element: Earth

Functional Groups: Sesquiterpene, alcohol, aldehyde, ketone

Type: Relaxing, grounding

Ayurvedic Dosha: Vata

Scent: Sweet, earthy, spicy, lingering, musky

For Skin Type: Mature

Cautions: Not during pregnancy

Physical Uses: Insomnia, dandruff, athlete’s foot, nail fungus, wounds, psoriasis, headache, migraine, palpitations, hemorrhoids, warming, indigestion.

Mental/Emotional Uses: Stress, anaxiety, spaciness, restlessness

Other Uses: Meditation, anointing, used by Mary to anoint the feet of Jesus

Blends Well With: Flower, fruit, resin, root, spice, wood


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master Level, 2001-2012.

Essential Oil Profile: Sandalwood


Latin Name: Santalum album

Family: Santalaceae

Plant Part: Wood

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Base Element: Earth, Water, Metal.

Functional Groups: Alcohol, aldehyde, sesquiterpene.

Type: Relaxing

Ayurvedic Dosha (Balances): Vatta, Pitta

Scent: Woody, sweet

For Skin Type: Dry, mature

Cautions: None

Physical Uses: Insomnia, dry skin, cracked feet & hands, cough, sore throat, laryngitis, cystitis, nausea, heartburn, muscle pain.

Mental/Emotiona Uses: Stress, tension, anxiety, strengthening, centering, depression, helps to instill inner peace, low self esteem.

Other Uses: Enhance meditation & prayer, perfumery, aphrodisiac.

Blends Well With: Flower, peel, resin, root, spice, wood.


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

May your usage of Sandalwood be mindful, and may you be present in the magnificence of every application.-Eden Botanicals


Essential Oils: Sage


Latin Name: Salvia officinalis

Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)

Plant Part: Leaves, flowers, buds  (plant)

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top/Middle Element: Metal

Functional Groups: Terpenes, sisquiterpene, alcohol, ester, oxide, ketone, aldehyde.

Type: Stimulating, purifying.

Ayurvedic Doshas: Kapha

Scent: Herbaceous, penetrating, caphoreous, sweet, fruity.

For Skin Type: None


Photo by AromaAngie

Cautions: Not during pregnancy or nursing, Not with estrogen dependent cancers, Not for high blood pressure, Skin-sensitizing, Never with children, TOXIC,  Not with epilepsy. This oil is neurotoxic.

Physical Uses: Infection, immune system, colds, flu, induces menstruation.

Mental/Emotional Uses: Depression, uplifting mental fatigue.

Other Uses: Room purification, ritual, space clearing, men’s cologne and aftershave.

Blends Well With: Leaves, citrus, flowers.

News You Can Use:  Sage is derived from Latin word “salvia” meaning “to heal”.

Did you know that the Lakota Indians consider Sage a “master herb” because of its purifying and cleansing properties?


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

Photo by AromaAngie

Essential Oil Profile: Rosewood


Latin Name: Aniba roseodora

Family:  Lauraceae

Plant Part: Wood chips

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Middle Element: Metal, Water

Functional Groups: Alcohol

Type: Balancing

Ayurvedic Doshas (Balances): Vata, Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Rose-like, fresh, woody, sweet, floral, slightly spicey.

For Skin Type: Dry, mature, acne, oily, normal.

Cautions: None

Physical Uses: Colds, flu, fever, vaginitis, nail fungus, athlete’s foot, cough, immune sysytem, tooth ache, pain in joints and muscles, scars, aphrodisiac.

Mental/Emotional Uses: Strengthening, courage, uplifting, depression.

Other Uses: Spiritual, meditation, jet lag, with children.

Blends Well With: Flowers, woods, citrus, roots, spices.


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

Essential Oil Profile: Rosemary


Latin Name: Rosmarinus officinalis, Rosemary Verbenone ( Rosmarinus officinalis var. verbonene ( contains less camphor), Rosemary Cineole Essential Oil (Rosmarinus officinalis var cineoleaka Rosmarinus officinalis ct. cineole) is sometimes preferred for use in respiratory and circulatory issues.

Family: Llamiaceae (Labiatae)

Plant Part: Leaves, flower & buds

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top/Middle Element: Wood, Fire, Metal

Functional Groups: Alcohol, ester, keytone, oxide, sesquiterpene, terpene

Type: Stimulating

Ayurvedic Dosha ( Balances): Kapha, Vata (Rosemary Verbenome)

Scent: Bracing, herbaceaous, clean, slightly sweet

For Skin Type: Oily, mature

Cautions: Not during pregnancy, Not w/ epilepsy, high blood pressure. Not w/homeopathy.

Physical Uses: colds, flu, cough, congestion, varicose veins, muscle pain, mucus, circulation, dandruff, hair growth,headache, low blood pressure, indigestion,arthritis.

Mental/Emotional Uses: Mental clarity, lethargy, exhaustion, fatigue, apathty, energizing, stress, learning, memory.

Other Uses: Hair and scalp tonics, add a ddrop to a natural bristle hairbrush.

Blends Well With: Leaf, needle, peel

News  You Can Use: The Virgin Mary is said to have spread her blue cloak over a rosemary bush as she rested, and the white flowers turned blue. The shrub came to be known as the “Rose of Mary”.



Photo by AromaAngie


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Foundation Level, 1999-2010.

Essential Oil Profile: Rose


Latin Name:Rosa centifolia, Rosa damascena

Family: Rosaceae

Plant Part: Flower

Method: Distillation (rose Otto), Solvent extraction (absolute).

Note/Element: Note: Top/Middle Element: Fire

Functional Groups: Alcohol, ester, oxide

Type: Euphoric, Balancing

Scent: Floral, sweet, heady

Ayurvedic Dosha: Vata, Pitta

For Skin Type: Mostly All (normal, dry, sensitive, mature)

Cautions: Not during pregnancy

Physical Uses: Skin care, wrinkles, cold sores, herpes, rash, heart palpitations, menstrual and menopausal problems, hot flashes, circulation, labor.

Mental/Emotional Uses: Stress, anxiety, tension, PMS, hearbreak, grief, self-esteem, depression, jealousy, nurturing, unconditional love, self-acceptance.

Other Uses: Perfumery, aphrodisiac, love rituals, children

Blends Well With: Flower, Peel, Resin, Root, Wood

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Photos by AromaAngie


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Foundation Level, 1999-2010.


Essential Oil Profile:Ravintsara

Latin Name: Cinnamomum camphora

Family: Lauraceae

Plant Part: Leaf

Method: Distillations

Note:Element: Note: Top/Middle Element: Metal

Functional Group: Oxide

Type: Stimulating

Ayurvedic dosha: Kapha

Scent: Brisk, penetrating, herbaceous, similar to eucalyptus, subtle peppery notes

For Skin Type: Oily

Cautions: Not during pregnancy. Not with young children.

Physical Uses: Colds, cough, flu, immune system, cold sores, shingles, muscle and joint pain, calms the nerves.

Mental/Emotional Uses:  Revitalizing, opening

Other Uses: Antiviral

Blends Well With: Leaves, needles, citrus


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

Essential Oil Profile: Petitgrain Bigarade

Petitgrain Bigarade

Latin Name: Citrus aurantium

Family: Rutaceae

Plant Part: Leaves, twigs branches

Method: Distallation

Note:/Element: Note: Top/Middle Element: Metal

Functional Group: Alcohol, Ester, Terpene, Aldehyde

Type: Relaxing , balancing

Ayurvedic Dosha: Vatta, Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Fresh, Citrusy, herbaceous, tart, sweet, slightly floral.

For Skin Type:  Oily, acne

Cautions: None, Petitgrain oil is not phototoxic.

Physical Uses: Colds, coughs, menstrual and stomach cramps, stretch marks, scars, papitations, perspiration, muscle and joint pain, headaches and migraines, mature skin.

Mental/Emotional: Stress, depression, anxiety, anger, panic

Other Uses: Men colognes and aftershaves.

Blends Well With: Flower, Fruit, Leaf, Resin, Root, Seed, Spice, Wood

Photo by AromaAngie


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master  Level, 2001-2012.

Essential Oil Profile: Peppermint


Latin Name: Mentha piperita spearmint  Mentha spicata , bergamot mint Mentha citrata

Family: Lamiaceae

Plant Part: Flowering Plant  

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top Element: Wood, Metal.

Functional Groups: Alcohol, ester, ketone, oxide, sesquiterpene, terpene

Type: stimulating, cooling, refreshing

Ayurvedic Dosha: Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Minty, Herbaceous

For Skin Type: Oily, Acne

Cautions: Not during pregnancy, Not with yung children, heart conditions, homeopathy, high blood pressure. May be sensitizing.

Physical Uses: Colds, flu, cough, mucus, fever, muscle & joint pain, headache, stomach cramps, fas, nausea, motion sickness, scne, tired feet, hot flashes

Mental/Emotional Uses: Mental clarity, cools a hot temperment, lethargy, refreshing, depression

Other Uses: Insect repellent, breath freshener(rinse w/ 1 drop in a glass of water), cools a room via diffusion

Blends Well With: Leaf, Needle

Photo by AromaAngie


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 1999-2010.

Essential Profile: Pepper Black

Pepper Black

Latin Name: Piper nigrum

Family: Piperaceae

Plant Part: Fruit

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top/Middle Element: Fire

Functional Groups: Terpene, sesquiterpene, alcohol, phenol, ketone, aldehyde

Type: Stimulating

Ayurvedic Dosha: Kapha

Scent: Spicy, fresh, sharp, penetrating

For Skin Type: None

Cautions: Irritating

Physical Uses: Circulation, chills, digestion, nausea, colds, flu, sore muscles & joints, cold feet, warming.

Mental/Emotional: Mental clarity, stamina, apathy, comforting, emotional coldness, helps with anxiety while quitting smoking. 

Other Uses: Add to aphrodisiac blends for spice, preservative, insect repellent.

Blends Well With: Flowers, spices, citrus, roots, seeds, woods


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

Photo by AromaAngie