Essential Profile: Pepper Black

Pepper Black

Latin Name: Piper nigrum

Family: Piperaceae

Plant Part: Fruit

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Top/Middle Element: Fire

Functional Groups: Terpene, sesquiterpene, alcohol, phenol, ketone, aldehyde

Type: Stimulating

Ayurvedic Dosha: Kapha

Scent: Spicy, fresh, sharp, penetrating

For Skin Type: None

Cautions: Irritating

Physical Uses: Circulation, chills, digestion, nausea, colds, flu, sore muscles & joints, cold feet, warming.

Mental/Emotional: Mental clarity, stamina, apathy, comforting, emotional coldness, helps with anxiety while quitting smoking. 

Other Uses: Add to aphrodisiac blends for spice, preservative, insect repellent.

Blends Well With: Flowers, spices, citrus, roots, seeds, woods


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

Photo by AromaAngie


Essential Oil Profile: Parsley


Latin Name: Petroselinum sativa

Family: Apiaceae

Plant Part: Plant

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note: Middle Element:  Wood

Functional Groups: Ether, Aldehyde, Terpene

Type: Stimulating

Ayurvedic Doshas: Kapha

Scent: Herbaccous, green

For Skin Type: Broken blood vessels

Cautions: Not during pregnancy or nursing. Not during heavy menstrual flow. Hepatotoxic.

Physical Uses: Stomach cramps, indigestion , flatulence, hemmorrhoids, bruises, sore muscles and joints, cellulite, insect bites, detoxification, amenorrhea, scanty menstrual flow, menstrual cramps due to scanty flow, strong emmenagogue, protection from infection .

Mental/ Emotional Uses: Fatigue

Other Uses: Head lice

Blends Well With: Flower, fruit, leaf


Katherine Graf:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Master Level, 2001-2012.

Essential Oil Profile: Palmarosa


Latin Name: Cymbopogon martinii

Family: Poaceae

Plant Part: Plant

Method: Distillation

Note/Element: Note:top/Middle Element: Fire.

Functional Group: Alcohol, ester

Type: Relaxing, balancing, refreshing, comforting

Ayurvedic Dosha: Vata, Pitta, Kapha

Scent: Floral, sweet, soft, rose-like

For Skin Type: Oily, normal, dry, mature

Cautions: None

Physical Uses: Colds, flu, cough, scars, rash, athlete’s foot, nail fungus, vaginitis, cystitis, urinary tract infections, acne, muscle aches, insect bites and stings, boils,

Mental/Emotional Uses: Depression, balancing, fatigue, exhauastion, nervousness, anxiety, stress

Other Uses: 

Blends Well With: Grasses, flowers, citrus


Graf, Katherine:Aroma Studio:Aromatherapy Home Study Certification Advanced Level, 2001-2011.

 Lawless, Julia, The Complete Illustrated Guide To Aromatherapy, Boston,MA, Element Books Limited, 1997, p 190.